First commercial transistor radio announced - October 18, 1954

On this day in 1954, Texas Instruments announced the invention of the first commercial transistor radio, the Regency TR-1. 

London Beer Flood - October 17, 1814

On this day in 1814, a flood of beer burst out of a London brewery, killing eight people and injuring others. 

Palace of Westminster fire - October 16, 1834

On this day in 1834, the Palace of Westminster was destroyed in a fire. 

Gregorian Calendar introduced - October 15, 1582

On this day in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar, which was created as a way to reform the Julian calendar. 

Chuck Yeager piloted supersonic flight - October 14, 1947

On this day in 1947, American test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound. 

Miracle of the Sun - October 13, 1917

On this day in 1917, a crowd of thousands of people gathered in Fátima, Portugal, to witness a miracle, and many reported seeing unusual solar activity that became known as the Miracle of the Sun.

First Oktoberfest began - October 12, 1810

On this day in 1810, the first Oktoberfest began after the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. 

Second Boer War began - October 11, 1899

This day in 1899 marks the beginning of the Second Boer War, a conflict between the British Empire and the Boer states of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.

Wuchang Uprising - October 10, 1911

On this day in 1911, an uprising against the Qing government began in Wuchang in China. 

Joshua Stoddard patented the calliope - October 9, 1855

On this day in 1855, American inventor Joshua Stoddard was issued a patent for the calliope.